[Rumori] The Artistic Freedom Voucher:Internet Age Alternative to
pl1x at earthlink.net
Sat Nov 8 19:26:30 PST 2003
The following is an idea with a starting point that copyright is a monopoly (similar to baseball) and thus fraught with inherent drawbacks of exclusionary tactics. (did that make any sense...) so this proposes a system to compete with copyrighted works. (seems like the Creative Commons in a ways)
Dean Baker November 5, 2003 Executive Summary
The institution of copyrights has its origins in the feudal guild system. Copyrights provide an incentive for creative or artistic work by providing a state-enforced monopoly. Like any other monopoly, this system leads to enormous inefficiencies, and creates substantial enforcement problems. The size of these inefficiencies and the extent of the enforcement problems have increased dramatically in the Internet Age, as digital technology allows for the costless reproduction of written material, and recorded music and video material.
The artistic freedom voucher (AFV) is an alternative mechanism for supporting creative and artistic work. It is designed to maximize the extent of individual choice, while taking full advantage of the potential created by new technology.
The AFV would allow each individual to contribute a refundable tax credit of approximately $100 to a creative worker of their choice, or to an intermediary who passes funds along to creative workers. Recipients of the AFV (creative workers and intermediaries) would be required to register with the government in the same way that religious or charitable organizations must now register for tax-exempt status. This registration is only for the purpose of preventing fraud - it does not involve any evaluation of the quality of the work being produced.
In exchange for receiving AFV support, creative workers would be ineligible for copyright protection for a significant period of time (e.g. five years). Copyrights and the AFV are alternative ways in which the government supports creative workers. Creative workers are entitled to be compensated once for their work, not twice. The AFV would not affect a creative workers ability to receive money for concerts or other live performances.
The AFV would create a vast amount of uncopyrighted material. A $100 per adult voucher would be sufficient to pay 500,000 writers, musicians, singers, actors, or other creative workers $40,000 a year. All of the material produced by these workers would be placed in the public domain where it could be freely reproduced.
Under plausible assumptions, the savings from reduced expenditures on copyrighted material would vastly exceed the cost of the AFV. Much of this savings would be the direct result of individuals' decisions to use AFV supported music, movies, writings and other creative work in place of copyright-protected work. A second source of savings would be the result of lower advertising costs, since much of the material used in advertising supported media would be in the public domain.
In contrast to copyright protection, which requires restrictions on the use of digital technology, the AFV would allow for the full potential of this technology to be realized. Creative workers would benefit most when their material was as widely distributed as possible. They would therefore have incentives to promote technologies that allow for recorded music, video, and written material to be transferred as easily as possible. By contrast, copyright enforcement is demanding ever greater levels of repression (e.g. restriction on publishing software codes, tracking computer use, and getting records from Internet service providers) in order to prevent the unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted material. The police crackdowns on unauthorized copying by college students, and even elementary school kids, would be completely unnecessary for work supported by the AFV.
Conclusion - Using the Market to Promote Creativity and Diversity
It is only possible to speculate about the shape of a world in which AFV material competes directly with copyrighted material; however, it is reasonable to believe that an AFV system would lead to both a more diverse set of creative and artistic offerings, and also enormous gains in economic efficiency. With the advance of digital technology, copyright enforcement is leading to ever greater inefficiencies and requiring increasing amounts of government repression. Under such circumstances, it is essential to consider alternative mechanisms for supporting creative and artistic work.
Unfortunately they invision another line on the tax form which already confuses many, but in conjunction with a flat tax, then people might spend their time thinking about these AFV instead of the complications of the tax codes.
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